“Patients with AML who have failed primary induction therapy or relapsed early after an initial response represent a significant unmet medical need. A remission rate of 32% observed in the ongoing study of flotetuzumab in this extremely challenging patient population is noteworthy,” said
In the Phase 1/2 (NCT02152956) open-label, dose expansion study, 30 patients classified as primary induction failure or early relapsed AML who had received a median of four prior therapies were treated with flotetuzumab at the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of 500 ng/kg/day by continuous infusion. Data were reported as of the cut-off date of
Responses, including complete remission (CR), CRh (CR with partial hematological recovery) and CRi (CR with incomplete hematological improvement) per a modified
(N = 30)
(N = 28)
|CR + CRh||8||26.7%||28.6%|
|CR + CRh + CRi||9||30.0%||32.1%|
The most common treatment-related adverse event (TRAE) was infusion-related reaction/cytokine release syndrome (IRR/CRS) that occurred in all (30/30) patients. However, most CRS events observed were of short duration and mild to moderate (grade 1 or 2) in severity, with only one grade 3 event reported in one patient.
“Based on the encouraging data from this study, and pending anticipated discussions with the
A separate oral presentation described translational research that showed an inflammatory (IFN-γ-related) gene expression signature in a subset of patients with AML that correlated with a lack of response to induction chemotherapy. Furthermore, the same gene signature was associated with patients more likely to respond to flotetuzumab, supporting the mechanism being exploited by this molecule. In addition, AML patients with an immune-infiltrated tumor micro-environment show high expression of immune checkpoint molecules, including PD-L1, which provides a scientific rationale for combining flotetuzumab with checkpoint blockade as a potential mechanism for enhanced anti-leukemic activity.
Flotetuzumab Presentations at ASH
- Abstract #733: Uy, et al. “Flotetuzumab, an Investigational CD123 x CD3 Bispecific DART® Protein, in Salvage Therapy for Primary Refractory and Early Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Patients”
- Abstract #460: Vadakekolathu, et al. “Immune Landscapes Predict Chemotherapy Resistance and Anti-Leukemic Activity of Flotetuzumab, an Investigational CD123 × CD3 Bispecific DART® Molecule, in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia”
- Abstract #1410: Goodwin, et al. “Flotetuzumab (FLZ), an Investigational CD123 x CD3 Bispecific DART® Protein-Induced Clustering of CD3+ T Cells and CD123+ AML Cells in Bone Marrow Biopsies Is Associated with Response to Treatment in Primary Refractory AML Patients”
- Abstract #1387: Gopalakrishnapillai, et al. “Effect of Ara-C on T-Cell Function and Flotetuzumab Activity in Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia”
- Abstract #2662: Wei, et al: “A Phase 1 Study of Flotetuzumab, a CD123 x CD3 DART® Protein, Combined with MGA012, an Anti-PD-1 Antibody, in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia”
These slide and poster presentations are available on the Events & Presentations page on
Conference Call & Webcast
To participate in the MacroGenics ASH 2019 Conference Call, please dial (877) 303-6253 (domestic) or (973) 409-9610 (international) five minutes prior to the start of the call and provide the Conference ID: 3625435. A listen-only slide and audio webcast of the conference call can be accessed under "Events & Presentations" in the Investor Relations section of the Company's website at http://ir.macrogenics.com/events.cfm. A replay of the webcast will be available shortly after the conclusion of the call and archived on the Company's website for 30 days.
About Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematopoietic stem cell malignancy characterized by differentiation arrest and uncontrolled clonal proliferation of neoplastic precursors that prevent normal bone marrow hematopoiesis. Nearly 20,000 new cases of AML are diagnosed in the U.S. each year, with a median age of 69 years at diagnosis. Approximately 40-50% of newly diagnosed patients fail to achieve a complete remission with intensive induction therapy (primary induction failure) or experience disease recurrence after a short remission duration (<6 months; early relapsed). A very small number of these patients are expected to respond to salvage therapy. In addition, although new targeted agents have been approved for the treatment of frontline or relapsed/refractory AML in recent years, approximately 50% of patients have no known targetable mutations.
Flotetuzumab (also known as MGD006) is a clinical-stage molecule that recognizes both CD123 and CD3. CD123, the interleukin-3 receptor alpha chain, has been reported to be over-expressed on cancer cells in AML and other hematologic malignancies. The primary mechanism of action of flotetuzumab is believed to be its ability to redirect T lymphocytes to kill CD123-expressing cells. To achieve this, the DART molecule combines a portion of an antibody recognizing CD3, an activating molecule expressed by T cells, with an arm that recognizes CD123 on the target cancer cells.
Flotetuzumab is currently being evaluated in the U.S. and
Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements
Any statements in this press release about future expectations, plans and prospects for the Company, including statements about the Company's strategy, future operations, clinical development of the Company's therapeutic candidates, milestone or opt-in payments from the Company's collaborators, the Company's anticipated milestones and future expectations and plans and prospects for the Company and other statements containing the words "subject to", "believe", "anticipate", "plan", "expect", "intend", "estimate", "project", "may", "will", "should", "would", "could", "can", the negatives thereof, variations thereon and similar expressions, or by discussions of strategy constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements as a result of various important factors, including: the uncertainties inherent in the initiation and enrollment of future clinical trials, expectations of expanding ongoing clinical trials, availability and timing of data from ongoing clinical trials, expectations for regulatory approvals, other matters that could affect the availability or commercial potential of the Company's product candidates and other risks described in the Company's filings with the
Anna Krassowska, Ph.D., Vice President, Investor Relations & Corporate Communications Jim Karrels, Senior Vice President, CFO 1-301-251-5172, firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: MacroGenics, Inc.